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Council Services:

Housing Health and Safety Rating System

Landlords who let residential accommodation are responsible for ensuring that it is maintained in good repair.

On 30 June 2006 the Housing Act 2004 came into force in Wales. It introduced the Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS), a new risk assessment tool used to assess potential risks to the health and safety of occupants in all privately rented properties.

The  HHSRS is used to assess potential risks to the health and safety of occupants in all privately rented properties - ie both individual privately rented properties and houses in multiple occupation (HMOs). The HHSRS replaces the previous housing fitness standard contained in section 604 of the 1985 Housing Act. 

The HHSRS identifies 29 potential hazards, and the effect that each of these hazards may have on the health and safety of the current or future occupants, or any visitors to a property.  It applies to all residential properties irrespective of whether they are occupied by a homeowner or a tenant. On receipt of a complaint the council will have to undertake a survey of the property to identify any of the hazards found in the following categories:

Damp / mouldRadiationNoiseFire
Excess heat / coldUncombusted fuel gasHygeineHot surfaces
AsbestosVolatile organic compoundsFood safetyEntrapment
Biocide chemicalsCrowding and spaceWater supplyExplosions
Poisonous gasesIntrudersFallsErgonomics


The inspecting officer will calculate a rating score for each hazard based on the severity of each hazard, and its potential to cause injury to the occupiers. The assessment is based on the risk to the potential occupant who is most vulnerable. For example, stairs constitute a greater risk to the elderly, so they would be the most vulnerable group in this instance. 

Following the inspection the council will be given various legal powers to deal with any hazards found depending on their severity. The council will be able to:

  • serve an improvement notice requiring remedial work
  • make a prohibition order, that closes the whole or part of a dwelling or restricts the number of permitted occupants
  • take emergency action
  • serve a hazard awareness notice (gives advice)

The new powers will enable the council to act in default and prosecute for lack of compliance.  It will also enable us to charge and recover costs associated with enforcement action.

For further information and advice please contact the Housing Enforcement Team in Environmental Health. Housing Enforcement Team: (01248) 752836 / 752835

Contact Environmental Health

Environment and Technical Services Directorate
Council Offices
LL77 7TW
General enquiries:01248 752820
Housing Enforcement Team:01248 752836/752835
Health and safety:01248 752866
Fax:01248 752880

Useful information

Mae'r dudalen yma a'r dogfennau cysylltiedig ar gael yn y Gymraeg. Defnyddiwch y ddolen "Cymraeg" ar ochr dde'r bar uchaf.

Last update: 4 November 2008 Give feedback on this page
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